Feeds:
Posts
Comments

2014 Summer High School Interns: Orli Lesser, Pauline Fritz, Julia Matteson, Jake Schwartz, Aidan Bodurtha, Kristine Torres, Dario Jakubowicz, Alan Li, Celina Paloma

Chaperones: Laurie Safran, Jim Cannon

Buyobo, Uganda- High School Interns 2014 (June 25th-July 16th)

A little dirt never killed nobody. After a fifteen hour flight, the interns arrived at Entebbe, Uganda only to find the baggage carousel empty. Before long, everyone was in dire need of a new outfit, thus the motto: a little dirt never killed nobody. They proceeded to Murchison Falls for a two day safari and boat ride. From wild elephants to dangerously close hippos, the interns saw all types of native wildlife; even the crocodiles made an appearance. By the end of the week, the interns had plenty of pictures, and a few had their luggage. The rest of the luggage lay sitting in the darkness of London- Heathrow airport.

DSCN0290

The interns, mostly in smelly plane pajamas, headed to Buyobo Sunday night. The bumpy yet scenic road gave the interns a taste of what Uganda looks like. During the ride, they had plenty of time to get to know each other. Other than talking, the interns slept through the five hour van ride. Finally, they arrived, warmly welcomed by the elder interns at the WMI house. They settled in their new rooms and prepared for the week of teaching ahead.DSCN0376

Teaching at Buyobo Primary School was a challenge at first. For one, the children had shaky English. None of the interns knew at what level the students were on, the teachers taught in ways so mechanical, the children would simply repeat the words they saw on the board. The interns slowly adapted to the different style of teaching in Uganda, and began to really enjoy themselves. Later in the day, a women’s literacy class took place at the WMI building. There, the students taught borrowers and village women one on one. It was a very rewarding experience and a nice start to a week of teaching.

DSCN0384 The interns spent Monday through Friday teaching at the school in the morning and teaching classes at WMI in the afternoon. Women’s Literacy (every Monday and Wednesday) and Girls Group (every Tuesday and Thursday) became some of their favorite activities. Between teaching, the interns refurbished four outdated classrooms. They mixed and poured concrete to fill holes in the floor, and sanded and repainted the walls. With the help of the villagers and direction from Jim, the interns were close to completing the rooms by the end of week two.

DSCN0386Eventually, everyone got their luggage and is now happy and healthy! The interns are looking forward to whitewater rafting in Jinja and the chimpanzee sanctuary before heading home on the 16th.

During loan repayment last Saturday, June 14, Buyobo borrowers received family planning training. Marie Stopes Uganda conducted an information session and then gave the women an opportunity to receive one of five different types of birth control. For 2000 shillings—less than 1 US dollar– they could get female condoms, an IUD, birth control pills, an injection of Depo-Provera, or an Implanon (birth control that is inserted into the arm and works for three years).

IMG_0656

Florence teaching the borrowers about different types of family planning

With an average woman bearing 6 children in her lifetime, Uganda has one of the fastest growing population rates in the world. Rapid population growth has been noted as a problem for developing countries and global poverty relief efforts. Additionally, having a lot of children is dangerous for a woman’s health. Women’s bodies are quickly worn from doing most of their family’s agricultural work during pregnancy and birthing many children. Maternal death rates are exceptionally high in rural areas of least developed countries because women do not have access to proper medical facilities.

To prevent these persisting economic and health problems at the local level, WMI established Girl’s Group in Buyobo. We recently began a new three-month session of entrepreneurship and sexual health education for middle-school aged girls. During their first class, the students named some of the issues in their community. “Poverty” was the most popular answer. But one little girl– without having read any of the scholarly articles on birth control or studies on rural poverty– responded, “People have too many children and not enough money to feed them.”

IMG_0658

The women listening intently as Florence describes each family planning method

Marie Stopes is a world wide provider of reproductive health services for men and women. In Uganda, they partner with the Ministry of Health to give family planning methods to the rural poor for free, as well as providing services for the middle class at a low fee. In January 2014, WMI contacted Marie Stopes to organize an event for their borrowers. After a few visits to their office in Mbale, Marie Stopes agreed to visit the village. A mixture of men and women received the family planning information provided on Saturday. Marie Stopes will return in July to offer family planning procedures. Giving a woman a sexual health education and access to affordable family planning empowers her to make informed decisions about her family. Whether she personally chooses to use contraception or not, she is more capable of controlling her economic standing when she is educated about family planning options.

 

 

Our Uganda summer interns Amanda Conklin and Morgan Nelson have been working in the WMI office in Buyobo for the past three weeks.  Amanda is from Huntington, New York and will be a sophomore at the University of Notre Dame in the fall.  An International Economics major, Amanda is also interested in peace studies and international development.  Morgan, from Key West, Florida, will be a junior at Princeton University this fall.  She is majoring in Politics, and is interested in journalism and international development. The interns are already busy and have many tasks they aim to complete during their two months in Buyobo.

A4

Morgan and Amanda smiling outside of the WMI office during one of their first days on the job. Morgan is on the left and Amanda is on the right.

Amanda and Morgan are learning more about the organization and structure of WMI thanks to WMI fellow Melissa La Reau.  Through meetings with Melissa and country director Olive Wolimbwa, the interns have begun work on the Buyobo Women’s Association budget. Additionally, they have started detailing a report of the financial status of each WMI loan hub.  Over the next few weeks they will be working more with the local coordinators of the loan hubs to improve the budgeting, record keeping, and overall efficiency of each hub.

A3

Jackie and Irene demonstrated the importance of good record keeping and organization on Loan Repayment Day June 14th

In addition to assisting with finances, the interns have started to get more involved with the women of the Buyobo community.  This past week they began interviews with some of the first women to borrow from WMI and successfully graduate from the loan program.  The interns hope to learn more about the impact the WMI program has had on the women, children, and community as a whole—specifically, after the women graduated the loan program and stopped receiving loans from WMI.  Using these interviews, the interns will create an informative video for the website as well as a written piece focusing on the development of education in the community.

A2

Allen, one of WMI’s first borrowers, was kind enough to show the interns around her store and provide them some complimentary popcorn!

Finally, this week the interns began working with the “Girl’s Group” started by WMI.  On Tuesday with the assistance of “Teacher Susan” they helped lead a lesson about leadership and entrepreneurship.  There was a remarkable turnout of young girls who discussed the problems they have seen in the local community and how to reduce those problems. The group will also be discussing reproductive health during Thursday meetings. Overall, the interns are already learning and have received a lovely welcome from the Buyobo community both in the office and during their morning jogs (the cheering is much appreciated) through town.

A1

WMI Fellow Melissa La Reau helped to “warm up” the girls before Tuesday’s Girls Group meeting. By the time the meeting started this group had doubled in size!

 

This May, some of the Kenyan leaders from each of the four Kenyan loan hubs came to Buyobo to learn how to become trainers. Currently, the Buyobo ladies travel to the loan hubs in East Africa to teach new borrowers business skills for two days before they receive their loans. Since WMI would like to encourage sustainability and self-reliance for all of the loan hubs, it was decided that each of the loan hubs would travel to Buyobo, Uganda in 2014 so some of the staff from each hub could learn to train its own ladies.

IMG_0101

Group Picture of All Loan Hub Trainees, the Buyobo Trainers, and the Director

The Training of Trainers, or TOT, for the Kenya ladies was the first TOT of the year; later in the year the Buyobo ladies will also train staff from loan hubs in Uganda and Tanzania. This training went very well and gave the ladies an opportunity to learn how to train, ask questions, and meet other WMI staff throughout Kenya. Since there are 12 trainers in Buyobo, it also presented the opportunity for the leaders to see various training styles. Each loan hub also has a laison, located in Buyobo, who helps the hub leaders with their finances, documents, and information on loan repaymenrs. During this week the loan hub leaders were able to work extensively with their laisons and ask them questions on procedures and how to improve their hubs.

IMG_0078

Shikokho Ladies Working With the Director and Their Liaison

IMG_0079

Kevey Ladies Working with the Assistant Director/Their Liaison

The Kenya TOT sessions included lessons on customer service, budgeting & accounting, marketing, WMI documents, WMI features, survival tips, support group meetings, why small businesses fail, challenges in different loan hubs, success stories, and much more!

IMG_0074

Ntumburi Ladies Working With Their Liaison

It was a very busy week but all the ladies left with the knowledge and skills to train their borrowers. The ladies were very energetic throughout the week, and they are excited to bring their loan hubs to the next level!

IMG_0090

Ngarendare Ladies Working With Their Liaison

And, of course, you can’t have an East African training without a little (or a lot of!) dancing!

IMG_0139

The Women Taking a Break to Dance!

Ravaged by a twenty-year bush war, famine and subsequent underdevelopment, life in Northern Uganda is difficult. Anna Apio a tailor from Konikyi village in northeastern, Uganda knows all to well the harshness of life in the region. Until recently, she was unable to use her skills because she had no money to purchase a sewing machine. Her husband thus was the primary supporter of their family of five. When she received her first WMI loan in 2011, she bought and then sold bundles of used clothing and then bought a sewing machine with the profits. She began making dresses, school uniforms and aprons, all which sold well. Not long after she began her business, her husband broke his leg in several places and was unable to work. Anna’s business saved the family – without her income her husband would not have gotten the medical care he needed and their children would have been unable to go to school. WMI has found that having a two-income household not only empowers women, but it also creates economic stability; medical emergencies and other unprecedented expenses no longer push families over the edge into poverty. Closing the economic gap between men and women is an integral part of building stable, rural economies from the ground up.

 

IMG_0767 copy

Women count out their loans.

 

WMI is not the only organization to realize the importance of closing the gender income gap. The International Monetary Fund, one of the largest organizations offering economic assistance to developing nations, is readjusting its goals in order to combat economic inequality.

In the April 8th, 2014 edition of the New York Times, columnist Eduardo Porter reported that the IMF has expanded and adjusted its central goals. Traditionally, when lending money to a developing nation, the IMF has followed a policy of, “sustained growth, low inflation, and a balanced budget.” The wisdom being that economic inequality would shrink as a nation become more economically stable and independent. However, recent studies have found that, “a flatter distribution of income contributes more to sustainable economic growth than the quality of a country’s political institution, its foreign debt and openness to trade….” Closing the income gap between men and women is one of the way in which the IMF will help foster economic stability in developing nations. As the article discusses, economic inequality breeds resentment between the haves and the have-nots. A more equal distribution of wealth is key to creating lasting political, social and economic stability.

WMI’s mission is to help rural women in Sub-Saharan Africa become economically independent through the development and growth of small businesses. Rural women are one of the most disenfranchised sectors of the world’s population. Without adequate access to capital many of them are unable to become members of the formal economy. That’s why WMI’s mission of providing business loans and training to rural women is so crucial to improving village household living standards. Llike the IMF, WMI recognizes the importance and the integral role women play in local economies.

In the January 22, 2014 edition of New Vision, a Uganda daily newspaper, the Market Briefing section’s headline article proclaimed: “Uganda’s Onion Production Too Low.” The article urges Ugandan farmers to capitalize on the current demand for onions. “Onions are on demand because of the various advantages, but our production does not even reach half of what is required” Two kilometers off the main road between Mbale and the Sironko District headquarters in northeastern Uganda,surrounded by steep mountains covered in thick vegetation rising from the fertile soil, is Buteza village.

Onion Queen

This is where you will find The Onion Queen of Buteza – a borrower in the WMI program. She plants and harvests thousands of these purple bulbs each year, selling them to neighbors, traders and townspeople. Uganda is blessed with two growing seasons, so she harvests twice a year, once in the winter and then again in the summer. After harvesting she stores her onions and waits until the perfect time to sell. Late in the growing season, when the current crop is not yet ready and the local supply of onions from the previous harvest has dwindled, she opens her stores and sells her onions at a higher price. The Onion Queen of Buteza did not have to read the New Vision article to know that onions are a sought after crop that stores well. As a savvy rural businesswoman armed with a WMI loan, she has developed a comprehensive understanding of the fluctuations of the local market, the needs of the local consumers, and advantages of her crop.

WMI is frequently asked why we do not train women in creating handy-crafts for export to the United States. Paper wallets, hand-woven African baskets, colorful-beaded jewelry and other handy-crafts are all staples of the non-profit-supported African export market. Non-profits identify products for participants to produce for export, provide loans and training to develop the business, and then create the export chain. Although this is a common model, WMI’s program encourages women to choose their businesses based on their skills, contacts, and the dynamics of the local economy.

The Onion Queen of Buteza knows that onions are a stable crop to invest in because not only are they hearty and can be stored for long periods of time, but also because they appeal to the local consumer and are affordable. There is an immediate customer base for onions; The Onion Queen does not have travel across the ocean to find a market for her goods. While there is a huge variety in the businesses that WMI borrowers own, they all have one thing in common: they are producing goods that cater to the everyday needs of East Africans.

The vast majority of handy-craft products made specifically for export are not items that African villagers are going to use. Their main market is the American consumer, not the East African consumer. Women who sell these products are limited in what they can do to expand their businesses because they have little connection with their market. Unlike WMI borrowers, they cannot sell their goods to schools, or in town or even to neighboring countries. Cultivating local markets is an integral step in building strong economies in the developing world. The WMI loan program not only helps individual women raise the standard of living for themselves and their families, but the program also supports the rural economies that are the backbone of East Africa’s larger economy.

To find out how you can support WMI’s work with rural African women log on to: wmionline.org

 

 

Adult Literacy

The WMI Fellow and the Program Intern recently started an adult literacy class in Buyobo. The WMI local coordinators were very excited by this idea, and thought it was greatly needed. The coordinators spread the word, and soon a group of about thirty women—a combination of borrowers and non-borrowers—showed up ready to learn to speak, read, and write English. Translators were needed, and two local coordinators who are primary school teachers volunteered to help.

It became apparently quickly that there were two levels of students. Those who had never attended school, or had only attended for a few years when they were very young, wanted to practice writing letters and small words. They were shy at first, and are now very proud of what they’re working on. They can all now write their names and write and differentiate both lowercase and capital letters.

The students who had attended more years of primary school were comfortable writing in the local language, Lugisu, and were already comfortable with letters and small words in English. They wanted to work on basic conversation and business language. They have been learning verbs and grammar, and spend this week working on plural nouns and sentences involving the words how much, how many, have, buy, and sell. Both groups have been meeting twice a week, and there are about twenty eager learners who regularly show up, homework ready to turn in. The Program Intern is working on creating lesson plans for the next few weeks in the hope that the summer interns will help move the project forward and the local coordinators will carry it on after that.Image

Image

 

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.